Tagged: Interview

MUSIC VIDEO – THIS IS THE LIFE (Washamba Wenza, Skobo and Ananda)

UPDATE: 13, March 2017: Song Translation of “This Is The Life” now available on Hip Hop Kambi. Also, check out the Skobo Fugee Collection, for more of Skobo’s mziki.

UPDATE: 23, May 2014. Smallz Lethal’s album now available on itunes; Common Mwananchi

Washamba Wenza is a hip hop movement with roots in Dandora. “This is the Life” is a collaborative track between the studios/hiphop families of G’Ganji, Audio Kusini and A-World, featuring an instrumental by Ken Ring. Check out more music from Washamba Wenza, G’Ganji and Audio Kusini/Kusini Recordz. You can download this classic hapa.

wasahamba wenza this is the life1

UPDATE (28 July 2013): Check out the new track from G’Ganji, Washamba Wenza and Ananda A-World, WASTE NO TIME (free download).

1. What inspired you to write your verses for “This is the Life”?

Smallz Lethal (Mshamba Mwenza):

Smallz Lethal

yeah man..we cn neva b too busy bro..first, 4 my verse..that is almst the deepest verse av ever written, the kind of meditation we had was maad man. basicaly,i was reffering to hiphop as a person, leting her knw how much impact she has on me n how am gonna b loyal to her..

Ananda (A-World):
2:26 pm

2 my side n as i know hiphop is life, n i simply referred to life as a teacher where i said that thru him, wen i woz a kid, i knew how to tighten my shoe lases when i run not 2 fall…lyfstyles also differ in that we gat hoods livin ths way so in our hood its diffrent and…’this is the life innawi yard!’

Flamez (Mshamba Mwenza):


Flamez Mshamba Mwenza

For the verses my part was actually time am basically writing how i see and feel about stuff.


2. How did G’Ganji, Audio Kusini and A-World come together on this track?


Flamez: ON THIS TRACK it was mainly A World and Audio Kusini on Ken rings beat

3. You guys have been putting out high quality music for some time now. What directions do you see the future of hip hop in East Afrika headed in?


Its growing and for me there is a very bright light at the end of the tunnel

4. How can fans check out your music and support your movement?

Flamez: http://www.reverbnation.com/washambawenza, flamezmwenza@twitter ,flamez mshamba mwenza on facebook washamba wenza

Reverbnation:Smallz Lethal, Flamez, Ananda, Washamba Wenza

Soundcloud: Smallz Lethal, Kusini Recordz

On twitter: @A_WORLDs @Smallzlethal @Flamezmwenza @FUGEESKOBO @snipersp
@audiokusini_AK @KusiniRecordz

Youtube: Smallz Lethal Mshamba Mwenza, Audio Kusini, Ananda

Facebook: G’Ganji Records, A-World Kusini Recordz, Smallz Lethal, Flamez Mshamba Mwenza, Skobo Fugee supporters, Ananda

Washamba Wenza this is the life2


ART – Cyrus Kabiru


Cyrus Kabiru is an artist from Nairobi. Peep more of his art on his tumblr, daportfolio, African Colors, edcrossfineart, and extraimaginary. You can also see his features in articles on NYTimes and the cultureist. Check out his facebook page. Read more about him on his TED profile and Kuona Trust.
Watch him talk about his work on vimeo.

Basically, google “Cyrus Kabiru.”

UPDATE: 9 April 2013. Check out Cyrus’ new TED interview.

Cyrus Nganga Kabiru

hi kamaa,
sorry for sending this late i have answered some ….

1. Where are you from, What was it like growing up?

i grown up in nairobi. the place i grown was hard life survival for the [fittest].

2. What kind of hustles were people involved in?

-i grown up near market so the best way was for you to start your own business and to be clever than the marketers. also there was many businesses like selling water,junk metal, plastics and many [others].

hip hop crown and custom footwear

3. How did you start doing art?

-i grown up as the best toy maker this means i started in my early age.

[Excerpt from his Artist Statement at African Colours: “Artist Statement:

I call them the C-STUNNERS©. The original idea was inspired by memories of my father’s childhood where he dropped his glasses by accident and a lorry which by chance happened to be fatefully passing by ran over them, shattering them completely. It goes without saying that he received a very thorough beating from my grandfather. From that day on my father hated glasses.

I admired sun-glasses though, but wearing them was an impossibility because of my father’s attitude towards them and I thus decided that when I grew up I would pick up from where the lorry left off.

cyrus cstunners2

Many of my friends despised me as I continued nurturing that dream, along with the additional name calling while being told that it was all nonsense. The argument was that it was a strange way of art.What they never knew was that this was my dream and I had made it my hobby as well.

Now all grown up this dream has come to pass and now I have my own eyewear line which I call THE C-STUNNERS. I have realized the dream and as my grandfather once said “When you truly dream a dream of your lifetime, never go back to sleep” and I, well, I am neither relenting nor dozing back to sleep.

cat eyes

C-Stunners have rocked the regional media and more so the tastes and imagination of art lovers with local television stations having interviews and discussions about them. The press have had columns and pages dedicated to them. My dream is to make them the classic choice of even aliens, who are beyond the international levels. I have been arrested once for almost 8 hours because of wearing them. For now, the sky is the limit.”]

4. What does hip hop mean to you, What made you get involved in Hip Hop?

-i like hip hop….the neighborhood i grown up on was the hip hop ghetto (dandora) it means many things for me. its a life changer…hiphop change many.


5. What do the words ‘kazi’, ‘vijana’ and ‘mshamba’ mean to you?
What is ‘politicking’?

-kazi means job, vijana young, mshamba is some one from rural [area] visiting town.

cyrus painting

6. What is ‘mental slavery’?

-mental slavery to me is to think inside the box instead of thinking outside of it.


7. How are hiphop artists making money from their music today?

hip hop artist their not making any money…but people are making money through them, many they are using them and dump them (as a step stone)

8. How do politics impact your work?

-my work dont inter fear with politics at all…i have many things that impact my work.

9. Besides rappers, who else do you see ‘doing’ hip hop, other artists, dancers, graffiti/matatu artists, activists, hustlas, etc. ?

-the graffiti/matatu artist there doing hip hop.


10. Name your favorite artists (also visual artists, anyone), who are you listening to sasa?

-all are my favourites ..mau mau of course, octopus

11. Why do you think there aren’t as many femcees?
How have women contributed to hip hop in Kenya?

-there a bit down you know hiphop need hardcore kenyan lady there much beautiful, and you know this two dont go together.

cyrus sculpture1

12. What can you say about the Mau Mau kambi?

-maumau [they’re] my men [they’re] all good and they know what [they’re] doing.


13. What type of community organizations, informal or formal are helping vijana in Kenya leo?

-no any organisation help the vijanaa instead they use them as a stepping stone.


14. What hustles are you working on sasa? is there such a thing as hip hop jobs? Ama only hustling?
(Talk about any of your projects, mixtape, drawing, sculpture, etc.)
(Talk about your travels?)

-for now am sculpting and preparing to attend a TED talk in February this year …also hard to [live] as a hip hop, you need to do something else.

[Excerpt from Cyrus’ TED Profile:

An idea worth spreading

Saving nature through art: – living and working in Kenya, and especially in Nairobi, a city struggling with the implications of rapid urbanization and population growth through rural to urban migration – growing up one of Nairobi’s numerous slums, I have seen a need for the residents of Nairobi to find ways to better use and re-use the resources we have. Many areas of Nairobi have for a long time been drowning in rubbish and communal waste due to a failure by the public service to create infrastructures for collection and recycling. My goal, my idea worth spreading, is to encourage more and more people to create art and functional materials from rubbish and recyclable materials. I have done outreach workshops around Kenya, in areas like Kitui and Kisumu where there was already a vibrant visual arts culture but limited resources were stifling productivity (e.g. sculpture is difficult to do because of deforestation). ]

15. What are some of the obstacles/problems facing young people in Kenya today (zote, Lodwar to Dando to Westi?)

-they have all types of problems in this world especially lack of job..


16. How are you interacting with artists across the globe and also particularly in East Afrika?

-am doing some workshops and this bring them together and we just discuss things affecting our communities.

17. What sort of positive things do you see happening with young people in Kenya?

-we have both negative and positive things….first we are lazy. we are not thinking outside the box, we just sit down waiting for the government to give as good job.

-i do art with recycling materials and this shows that you can do everything with anything.

cyrus 2013


Asante Sana,
Kevlexicon @hiphopkambi

hip hop crown by cyrus kabiru

INTERVIEW – Sniper SP (G’Ganji Records)


Sniper SP is a producer at G’Ganji Records in Rongai. He is one of the most hardworking and prolific hip hop producers in Kenya. You can find his work on reverbnation and youtube. You can follow him on twitter and check out his facebook group.

Shupav – Judge & Washamba Wenza (prod. by Sniper SP)

Share some of your mistari and talk about where they came from, what they talk about, what inspired u to write them.

Ni nazidi kupanda ladder/
Hakuna kulala ni bidii nasaka mkwanja na/
Veins ndio mimi nitakaza/
Mpaka siku ntakufa mi ntazidi ku fight harder/

They are from a song I wrote like a year ago talking about how I will keep on struggling and never will I give up until I achieve my dreams. Hoping anyone listen to it will it gather the same faith and therefore making it an inspirational song.

Where are you from, What was it like growing up?

I was brought up in Eastliegh but I have spent most of my music works in O’Rongai. I spent my tender age in the ghetto, struggling to survive because I didn’t grow up in a rich family. I remember being sent away from school many times because of lack of school fees. I even remember living in a church when I was 9 years. And at most times I have survived with one meal I day. I had to work as a computer tutor to buy a computer with this specs; p3 processor 400mhz harddisk 10gb ram 128mb – to start this studio I have [G Ganji Records] you can tell i went through by just looking into my eyes.

What kind of hustles were people involved in?

Like at a time I was selling calling cards for ‘Orange Network’ in the streets and getting 10 shillings after selling 10 cards. People sell secondhand-secondhand clothes in the streets. We used to collect used plastics and metal and sell.

What does hip hop mean to you, What made you get involved in Hip Hop?

Hiphop is creative art. It is the platform where artists express their creative minds. Like for instance graffiti, djying, breakdancing or rap. The life I was raised made me stand up and use my talents in all means to fight for change and I already feel that’s part of Hiphop. Why should I join rnb or dancehall and brother is crying in Hiphop.

What do the words ‘kazi’, ‘vijana’ and ‘mshamba’ mean to you?

Vijana are the youths of mature age capable of being employed. Kazi is struggle the vijana put to generate income. It may be generated in different ways with the different capacity and ability. Mashamba on the other hand is what people call those who have grown in the rural regions and have embraced the rural way of life as compared to the urban one.

What is ‘politicking’?

This is involving work with the impunity politics brings it. It can also mean the way people analyze the game politicians play in the media of governance.

What is ‘mental slavery’?

It’s whereby you are not free.

I think this means being unreasonably rigid with some facts in the mind. It is fixing the mind to a given fact and the inability to alter that fact on different grounds

Can you say anything about the youth drug problems in Kenya?

Drug abuse among the youth is not only a predicament in Kenya but also all over the world. They usually introduce themselves. They reduce their life span, exposing themselves to potential risks that may even [cost] them their lives. If only these youths could find a way they can participate in community development, such abuses could not be heard as [vigorously] as it is being heard these days.

Who/What is promoting violence, who/what has lessened violence?

Incitement and tribalism is what I truly believe are the main causes of violence in Kenya. It is a pity to hear a friend you have grown with for a long time, involve himself with such an act. Politics is what I fear brings about the incitement and tribalism. You will find a group of two, three or more gathered together criticizing the Kenyan politics instead of [thinking] about the opportunities they have in investments. The youths have gathered together to counter the misery. Events [] being the instrument, they have been campaigning for peace around the country, preaching to the others, mostly their fellow youth to maintain peace and become conscious of the choices they make.

sniper sp2

How are hiphop artists making money from their music today?

Hip hop artists in Kenya dedicate themselves in producing their music and I find it true that they put the same in their hustle. Intellectual property has protected they creative skills and it is from there that they sell their creativity. This is just but one way; they (artists) may be called to perform or manage events or advertisement in the corporate world.

How do politics and your own personal values impact your work?

Politics involves the government and the government as the legislators, protects the copyright. I still don’t feel satisfaction on how our leaders protect and enforce the copyright. Corruption is mainly the cause of the prejudice, and it will be difficult for our music industry to develop with such practice still in force.

I always work with my instincts. The best always comes from heart and I believe appreciation will lead as consequence. Doubting yourself is the [worst] thing that can happen to you. People should know you as you are and that is from where success begins.

Besides rappers, who else do you see ‘doing’ hip hop, other artists, dancers, graffiti artists, activists, hustlas, etc. ?

Hip hop is bigger than what most people see it to be. Beadwork [Shambalas] is another way of promoting hip hop through the diverse artistic work. We also see painters, poets and even initiatives contributing a lot to Hiphop.

Name your favorite musical artists, who are you listening to sasa?

Charon Don, The Late Guru, Immortal Technique, Tech N9ne, Khaligraph, Ace tha Don, Washamba Wenza, Nas, 2pac…

What are some obstacles you have encountered during your involvement in the hip hop scene(s)?

People don’t just raise steeply at a go. You will have to start with believing yourself but on the way, from what I have experienced, you will encounter enmity as one of the obstacles caused from today’s competitive market. Most artists are from slums and ghettos making them poor of which paying studio times becomes impossible at times. And even the price rates of recording/ studio times becomes too low to suite most artistes.

Why do you think there aren’t as many femcees?

To success, people have to struggle and most of the femcees consider it difficult in promoting their music, thereby losing their interest in music. There is also the mentality that men always dominate in the industry. I believe that women are as capable as men and therefore can produce good music.

[Check out Shikow na Samantha’s “Good Times” music video, produced by Sniper SP]

How have women contributed to hip hop in East Africa?

The number of female artists in East Africa is few as compared to men, and having women in the industry encourages others to involve themselves. You find that women need to express themselves too so when they are given a change, Hiphop becomes stronger.

What can you say about the Mau Mau kambi, are there any similar community hip hop projects helping young people today?

Yeah like St. Mikes, Kalahari Jeshi, YGB and am even started mine called ‘Kambi Kuu’ whereby artists come together and share ideas and socialize.


What type of community organizations, informal or formal are helping vijana in East Africa leo?

Most of the organizations are campaigning for peace as they involve them in community activities. I appreciate the effort they put in educating the youths on the developing world and promoting their talents like in sports. These organizations also have supported and sponsored local events that have invited artists to perform and demonstrate their skills.

Could you describe some positive things you have seen hip hop communities do? Whether it is artists sharing resources, a place to stay, getting linked with work etc.

there are many artists I know that play and manage football teams that interact with teams from other regions. Not only will you hear peace as the theme from their friendly meeting, but also from other events where they are called to perform. I have witnessed hip hop artists involving themselves in charity work, cleaning garbage in slums, feeding the less privilege and also leading in blood donation.

What hustles are you working on now? is there such a thing as hip hop jobs? ama only hustling? (Talk about any of your projects, musical or otherwise)

I organized a couple of events in clubs and halls here in Nairobi, and planning more, it’s just at times it’s hard to raise the money, and again it’s hard to get sponsors with the name HIPHOP. I cant say there aren’t jobs in hiphop, because of course we see people selling street wear clothlines, shambalas, mixtapes and albums, but its not that easy. Its still hustling because you find that you are selling to a brother who is also from the same background/ poor.

What are some of the obstacles/problems facing young people in Kenya today (zote, Lodwar to Dando to Westi?)

Unemployment is what I consider the main obstacle in Kenya. Most of the youths [have] potential but have no channel to express their skills. Mismanagement in many instances has caused loss of jobs and opportunities in many institutions and organizations involving the young people. Committing themselves in crime is the worst activity as heavy criminal penal penalty or also costing them lives, lead as consequence.

How are you interacting with artists across the globe and also particularly in East Afrika?

Technology and the social world are growing and reaching the very local sectors. These have been the main channels for connection and interactions apart from posting songs and profiles in the internet. Events have also led artists to meet and interact, having a chance to exchange ideas and associate in constructing an ideal collaboration/invention.

What sort of positive things do you see happening with young people in Kenya?

Struggle that bears success is the greatest thing that can happen to anyone. Involvement in peace campaigns and nurturing the young talents has upheld the intelligence and capability of the young people in Kenya.

How can people learn more about your work, music, performances and projects you are involved in?

I have a link in most of the social media, i.e. facebook & twitter, from where I post my activities and works I have both completed and are about to be released. i rarely miss hip hop events happening around the region where I meet greater and potential artists.

Asante sana,



INTERVIEW – Jared Ombui (Radio and podcast)


Jared Ombui is a radio journalist working for the Kenya Broadcasting Corporation – English Service and voturadio, an African hip hop blog. He produces literature, art, and political programmes. Jared Ombui is currently an MA Diplomacy student at the University of Nairobi.

You can listen to his podcast shows at Voturadio.com. You can also check out his own blog, ombui.net He’s also on twitter.

Where are you from, what was it like growing up?

I was born and grew up in Kapsabet town in the Rift Valley Province. Kapsabet is known for first grade tea production and nurturing the best athletes in the world.

What kind of hustles were people involved in?

As much us I have talked of tea and athletes, poverty is evident in some areas, mostly in the urban areas and a few rural areas. The level of poverty isn’t that alarming compared to other parts of the nation that are not blessed with rain.

What do the words ‘kazi’, ‘vijana’ and ‘mshamba’ mean to you?

All the mentioned words are in Kiswahili language. ‘Kazi’ means work. ‘Vijana’ refers to the youth. ‘Mshamba’ is a person from the village or rural areas. This was coined to highlight primitivity of someone from the rural area compared to one from the urban or the city; it can be used offensively to describe backwardness depending on what is being talked about or situations.


What is ‘politicking’?

It is just loose talk that never addresses the needs of the people. For example, the cosmetic speeches that spark no change or give solutions to the most pressing problems of the citizens. Politicians in Kenya are good in this, because they know the citizens or the media hardly holds them accountable.

Besides rappers, who else do you see ‘doing’ hip hop, other artists, activists, hustlas, etc. ?

We need to acknowledge spoken word artists/poets like Kennet B, Mwakenya, Wanjiku Mwaura, Ojamong… But we can widen this and look at other elements of hiphop like Deejaying, Graffiti, Break-dancing and fashion.

Graffiti and fashion are fully developed and getting the attention they deserve. Funny enough, is that the hiphop fashion has been borrowed by all young musicians from all genres in Kenya though to them it is just a trend. Deejaying and breakdancing are slowly picking.
There is too much rap, but real emceeing is rare.

Name your favorite musical artists?

It is hard for me to say who is good that who. I will only say that I love songs that have content that builds the mind.

How have women contributed to hip hop in Kenya?

The sisters have created a balance of the genre, though few. I am talking about L-ness, Taamic, A2, Kadah, Grammo, STL, Shiko and Samantha, Caro, Xtatic, Laikkah… When it comes to Dj work, we have Deejay Steel.

Female artists have a lot to work on away from music, like family, that highly consumes a lot of their time. This has somehow kept the number of female artists constant for a very longtime. The best way to tackle the above challenge is to have annual campaigns to identify and nurture talents. They should be awarded recording deals and sponsored to have shows all over the nation.

What can you say about the Mau Mau kambi?

MAU MAU is powerful because it is composed of best artists from Nairobi, like Kalamashaka, that churn proper content that sparks change in Kenya. I must mention that UKOO FLANI originally from the coastal town of Mombasa too, and is a very powerful [force] in transforming the society. Even with the emergence of so many groups, MAU MAU and UKOO FLANI still steal the show.

What type of community organizations, informal or formal are helping vijana in Nairobi leo?

Nairobi has so many organizations that claim to help the youth but no proper research has been done to quantify their impact in the lives of the young people. Note that very few of them are dedicated to improve the lives of the young. Think through this: Kibera slums remain a slum even with hundreds of the non-governmental organizations. Can Kibera stay without them? Does Kibera need them?

What does hip hop mean to you, What motivated you to become involved in Hip Hop?

I am an ex-mc. I am motivated by the untapped hiphop talent and I want to see it pay artists; I need to see them drive and have a normal life because of their noble call.

What are some of the obstacles/problems facing young people in Kenya today (zote, Lodwar to Dando to Westi?)

The youths make more than 60% of the Kenya’s population but they lack proper representations in all echelons of leadership. They are a secluded class, but often used badly during the electioneering year.

What sort of positive things do you see happening with young people in Kenya?

That will come when they take power or fight for what they deserve.



Gas Fyatu is a writer, entrepreneur and emcee from Nairobi. He is a member of the rap groups Ukoo Flani Mau Mau and Moshikali. You can find his music on reverbnation, youtube and soundcloud. His writing can be found in Kwani? published by Kwani Trust. Peep his poems. He is also on twitter.


[Kevlexicon made typographical edits]

Where are you from, What was it like growing up?

Dandora I grew up in Nairobi eastland inner city dandora, growing was
normal life for ghetto childrens with parents working in industrial

What kind of hustles were people involved in?

In dandora there were all sort of small business, small kiosks, selling
scrap metals, matatu touts, vegetable vendors, mandazi and chapatti or
roadside. basically hawkers everywhere

gas chamber art1

What was the Mau Mau camp like? (Is it still in operation?)

Mau mau camp was born on the alleys of dandora by youth with a love
for hip hop music and yearning for a change. There was so much police
harassment and unemployment rate was very high. We found solace in
music and formed a street family, unlike the freedom fighters with guns
and spears, we decided to use microphones and pencils as missiles to
fight for change and to decolonize minds. Mau mau became a hub for
art, football acrobatics and rehabilitation, and it spread all over.
Maumau still exist as know east African movement called
ukooflanimaumau with members all over east Africa cities and towns.

What does hip hop mean to you, What motivated you to become involved
in Hip Hop?

I loved music and drama from a tender age. In high
school, I was composing poems in Swahili and competed up to the
national levels. Meanwhile, while I was still in school, kalamashaka
were taking Kenya with their single “tafsiri hii” so when I cleared high
school I joined mau mau camp which was a street hang out for people
with a love for conscious music. Edutainment- precisely. So to me hip
hop is a way of life, a positive way of life; preaching peace, love, and

I use the hip hop platform to pass positive messages to the community
and spread love and preach peace. Through hip hop, I got independence
to highlight [the] social, political and economic environment in my hood and
country. Hip hop is the voice of the African youth, it is the ray of
light for an Africa youth facing struggle out of poverty and freedom.

Hip-Hop’s impact origins date back as far as late 80’s, the fire was
burning in Tanzania. Groups like Kwanza Unit, Hard Blasters, The
Diplomatz, Mr 2. In the 90’s Kenya rap scene flourished. Pioneering
groups like Kalamashaka, K-South, Fundi Frank and Cash D set the scene
using their vernacular language to win the hearts of many. Similar
growth was happening in Kampala, with groups like, Kado based in
Sweden and Klear kut. DJ’s took their stand like Dj Pinye, Dj Adrian,
Skratchaholics, the homeboyz, setting their wheels of steel blazing
with creativity. B-boys grabbed the stage too. Kenyans took graffiti
to another level by using public service vehicles as their canvas, known as the
matatu culture. [Note: Matatu’s are the cheapest form of public transportation. Matatus are minibuses that are often colorfully decorated with the likenesses of hip hop artists and celebrities. Inside, you can hear the video mixtapes put together by college students.]

Hip hop made such a proud stand that the political scene used the music to prosper the presidential campaign. African youth can, in one voice (through hip hop), air [the] social, political climate in their societies. Hip hop is culture, a way of life and is represented by: [rap] Emceeing, Dj-ing, graffiti arts, Break dance and street
entrepreneurship. The above elements have effectively taken shape in
Kenya, the underground art has no space in the mainstream media; when
many youth are busy involving themselves crime and the drugs, we have
these creative artists who spend days, months and even years either
painting, designing, composing, and putting their creativity at work
and when they are done, they hit the street hawking their art and most
of the time they fall in the hands of people who do not appreciate
art and are just interested in the monetary gains.

Hip-hop, I feel is being marketed by multi-nationals to work to the
benefit of their pockets. Although they have financial advantage over
us, we on the other hand have people power globally and with
networking ability to change the power of the status quo
hip-hop is a culture and way of life!

When you live hip-hop, you become hip-hop. Below we display 5 main
elements of Hip-hop:

1. Consciousness

This is awareness of self, about who you are, being independent
minded, individualism, acceptance of self. Being ‘real’ and ‘true’ to

2. Mc-ing

This was a street level form of communication (although recently it
has now become a major [form]) of relaying a message with clever use of
flowing words, poetry and rhyming.

3. Dj-ing

An innovative form of creating music from sampling and cutting and
scratching records to form a style of music initially unique only to

4. Break dancing

This is an art of dancing composed of movements, which makes the dancer
look like he is literally breaking. It comprises of many
[movements] such as bopping, waves, body spins and is also incorporated with
Capoeira another form of dance expression who’s origins came from
slaves who spent their time with their hand and feet chained and used
it as a way to exercise/dance/fight (while chained) without being
discovered; for neither of the above were allowed and a death penalty
would follow if one was discovered practicing any of them.

5. Graffiti art

This was the underground visual way of relaying messages by spraypainting public spaces, like street walls, in a colorful artistic form and style with illustrations and special scriptures that [were] only understood by hip hop’s people.


What type of community organizations, informal or formal are helping
vijana in Nairobi leo?

Young people have formed groups and are taking loans from banks to do
small business as for community organisations. i know mathare
youthsports association and ukooflanimaumau.